The TRINIDAT project is part of Clean Sky2 Fast Rotor Craft (CS2 FRC) and addresses the Next Generation Civil Tilt Rotor (NGCTR) configuration. The TRINIDAT project started at 1 February 2019 and will last until 31 January 2022.

The NGCTR configuration is being developed by Leonardo Helicopters. The main benefit of the NGCTR configuration is that it offers reduced travel time on short and medium distances up to 500 nautical miles (approx. 1000 km), as shown in the figures below.

The engine intake has a rather complex shape due to the tilting rotor head concept of the NGCTR configuration. The intake duct changes from an elliptical cross-section to an annular cross-section of the Air Intake Plane (AIP) for the engine, as shown in the picture below.

The TRINIDAT project addresses the aerodynamic characterization of the intake geometry (as supplied by Leonardo Helicopters) and optimization of the intake duct geometry (within certain given geometric constraints) by using CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) based optimization tools. The objective of the optimization study is to improve the flow steadiness and uniformity at the Air Intake Plane of the engines such as to comply with the requirements put forward by the engine manufacturer. The initial characterization and optimization will rely on dedicated CFD studies. The final validation will be made with full size model tests in the DNW-LLF 6×6 wind tunnel, allowing reliable testing at full scale Mach and Reynolds conditions. A sketch of the model in the wind tunnel is shown below.

For efficient testing of basic and optimized intake geometries in airplane, helicopter and intermediate Extreme Short Take-Off and Landing mode, a modular wind tunnel model equipped with a remotely controlled tilting rotor hub will be designed and manufactured. In order to characterize the flow in the intake ducts these will be equipped with approx. 400 static pressure ports. In order to characterize the flow over the outboard wing approx. 200 additional static pressure ports will be installed. A remotely controlled highly instrumented rotatable rake will be installed to enable detailed and efficient measurement of the flow at the engine air intake plane. This rake will be equipped with 8 total pressure rakes, each having 5 total pressure sensors. Two of these rakes will have combined steady and unsteady total pressure sensors. Two additional rakes will be equipped with five 5-hole probes in order to measure flow swirl velocities in the air intake plane. Finally, the wind tunnel model will be equipped with a remotely controlled aileron. The use of remote controls enables an efficient measurement campaign.

Apart from the aerodynamic optimization of the intake and its testing, the project will also identify icing and snow conditions to be considered for certification and will subsequently analyze the ice and snow effects on the nacelle inlets and ducts to provide early input for anti-icing measures that might be needed for the NGCTR.


As the project is still in its initial phase, no results are available yet. The objective is to publish results after the first test phase (mid 2020) and after the 2nd test phase (mid 2021). Links to publications will be shared on the project website in due time. An example as preliminary result from CFD (left: total pressure, right: distortion coefficient DC60) is shown below.

Partners and Topic leader

A total of six partners are collaborating in the TRINIDAT project in order to comply with the project requirements of Topic Leader Leonardo Helicopters. The role of the different partners is summarized below:

Logo / websiteParticipant organisation name
Leonardo Helicopters
Topic Leader
Royal NLR
Project coordination, CFD simulations study, assistance in wind tunnel model instrumentation definition, assistance in test preparation, post-test data analysis, participation in icing and snow analysis
Wind tunnel model design and manufacture
Full scale wind tunnel testing of baseline and optimized model configuration
CFD simulations and optimization study
Icing and snow analysis conditions, simulation and sensitivity study
University of Twente.University of Twente
Icing and snow simulations and sensitivity study


For further information about the TRINIDAT project please contact: Remco Habing
Department Helicopters and Aeroacoustics
Netherlands Aerospace Centre NLR
Voorsterweg 31
8316 PR Marknesse
The Netherlands
Phone: +31 88 511 4418